Francisco de Goya, 1746-1828
Goya began his career as a court painter to the King of Spain. In 1792 he had an illness which left him deaf and led him to reflect great psychological insights in his work which, at times, was filled with profound despair. A series of Goya’s etchings, "Los Caprichos" (1797-98), satirized the court and the church. Later he created etchings for the series, "Disasters of War," which record the barbarism of the French invasion of 1808, some of the most horrifying depictions of war ever created.
Goya created some of the first masterpieces of the newly discovered medium, lithography, and was among the first to explore it as an alternative to painting.